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王超申,康道辉,游世辉,谢纯凯,曽宪任.爆炸载荷下地下巷道分配层结构的对比分析
Comparative analysis of distribution layer structure of underground tunnels under explosive loading[J].计算力学学报,2020,37(3):377~383
爆炸载荷下地下巷道分配层结构的对比分析
Comparative analysis of distribution layer structure of underground tunnels under explosive loading
Comparative analysis of distribution layer structure of underground tunnels under explosive loading
投稿时间:2019-05-06  修订日期:2019-07-28
DOI:10.7511/jslx20190506001
中文关键词:  地下巷道  SPH-FEM  分配层结构  砂土  泡沫混凝土
英文关键词:underground tunnels  SPH-FEM  distribution layer structure  sand soil  foam concrete
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51375416)资助项目.
作者单位E-mail
王超申 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院, 湘潭 411105  
康道辉 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院, 湘潭 411105  
游世辉 枣庄学院 机电工程学院, 枣庄 277160 shihuiyou@hotmail.com 
谢纯凯 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院, 湘潭 411105  
曽宪任 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院, 湘潭 411105  
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中文摘要:
      为寻找削波效果更好的分配层结构,基于光滑粒子流体动力学-有限元耦合方法SPH-FEM,建立地下巷道爆炸效应分析模型,形成11种不同的模拟方案。将含不同材料的分配层结构的测点应力峰值进行对比,以及从测点应力峰值、能量峰值和拱顶竖向位移的角度来比较不同分配层结构的削波能力,并将爆炸近区测点应力峰值与经验公式进行对比。结果表明,砂土的削波能力要强于泡沫混凝土;分配层中各层材料采用周期循环、波阻抗值递增且相邻材料波阻抗比减小的方式来布置,同时在分配层中加入钢铁,对应力波峰值的衰减和弥散效果最优。爆炸近区的模拟数值与计算值吻合度较高,证明此模拟具有一定的可靠性,可以为军事防护工程的结构设计提供参考。
英文摘要:
      In order to find a distribution layer structure with better clipping effect,an explosion effect analysis model for underground tunnels was established based on a coupled smoothed particle hydrodynamics-finite element method (SPH-FEM),and 11 different simulation schemes were formed.Different tested points are located in different material distribution layer structures.The clipping ability is compared of different distribution layer structures based on measured stress peak,energy peak and displacement angel of vault vertical.Meanwhile,the tested stress peak is compared with the empirical value.The simulation results show that the sand has better clipping ability than foam concrete.The distribution layer structure is optimal for the attenuation and dispersion of the stress wave peak when the steel is added to the distribution layer in which the layers are arranged by cyclical cycle,increasing the value of the wave impedance and decreasing wave impedance ratio of adjacent materials between phases.The simulation value of the near-explosion area is in good agreement with the calculated value,which proves that the simulation has certain reliability and can provide reference for the structural design of military protection engineering.
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